Nicknamed Evita, she became a massively popular celebrity and icon to Argentinians, as well as a source of great controversy. Eva was 6 years old when her father died inand though her family was allowed to quickly pay their respects, they were not allowed to attend his funeral. By the early s, she had achieved major financial success with her radio show on Radio Belgrano.
The Casa Rosada is seen in the background. Crassweller claims that this moment was very powerful because it was very dramatic and recalled many important aspects of Argentine history.
Crassweller also claims that the evening contained " mystic overtones " of a " quasi -religious" nature. This version of events was popularized in the movie version of the Lloyd Webber musical ; most historians, however, agree that this version of events is unlikely. What would follow was shocking and nearly unheard of.
Eva campaigned heavily for her husband during his presidential bid. Though she had become wealthy from her radio and modeling success, she highlighted her own humble upbringing as a way of showing solidarity with the impoverished classes.
However, she was very popular with the general public who knew her from her radio and motion picture appearances. Fraser and Navarro write that Argentina had only recently emerged from its "wartime quarantine", thus taking its place in the United Nations and improving relations with the United States.
Advisors then decided that Eva should visit many other European countries in addition to Spain. The tour was billed not as a political tour but as a non-political "goodwill" tour. Francoist Spain had not recovered from the Spanish Civil War the autarkic economy and the UN embargo meant that the country could not feed its people.
During her visit to Spain, Eva handed out peseta notes to many poor children she met on her journey. She also received from Franco the highest award given by the Spanish government, the Order of Isabella the Catholic. Eva then visited Rome, where the reception was not as warm as it had been in Spain.
Though Pope Pius XII did not give her a Papal decorationshe was allowed the time usually allotted to queens and was given a rosary. She visited the Palace of Versaillesamong other sites. She also met with Charles de Gaulle. She promised France two shipments of wheat.
While in France, Eva received word that George VI would not receive her when she planned to visit Britain, regardless of what his Foreign Office might advise,  and that her visit would not be viewed as a state visit. Eva, however, gave "exhaustion" as the official reason for not going on to Britain.
According to the book Evita: A Biography by John Barnes, while she traveled down a street with many people crowding her car, someone threw two stones and smashed the windshield. She threw her hands up in shock, but was not injured. Later, while sitting with the Foreign Minister, protesters threw tomatoes at her.
After these two events, Eva had had enough and, concluding the two-month tour, returned to Argentina. Members of the Peronist opposition speculated that the true purpose of the European tour was to deposit funds in a Swiss bank account.
Many wealthy Argentines did this, but there are many more convenient and less conspicuous ways of depositing money in Swiss accounts than meeting the Swiss Foreign Minister and being shown around a watch factory.
However, the cover story was also the first publication to mention that Eva had been born out of wedlock. In retaliation, the periodical was banned from Argentina for several months.
The brilliant gold color became more subdued in tone and even the style changed, her hair being pulled back severely into a heavy braided chignon.
Additionally, her extravagant clothing became more refined after the tour. No longer did she wear the elaborate hats and form-fitting dresses of Argentine designers. Soon she adopted simpler and more fashionable Paris couture and became particularly attached to the fashions of Christian Dior and the jewels of Cartier.
In an attempt to cultivate a more serious political persona, Eva began to appear in public wearing conservative though stylish tailleurs a business-like combination of skirts and jacketswhich also were made by Dior and other Paris couture houses.
In the s, the Sociedad had been supported by private contributions, largely those of the husbands of the society ladies. But by the s, the Sociedad was supported by the government. Fraser and Navarro write that the ladies of the Sociedad were afraid that Evita would set a bad example for the orphans, therefore the society ladies did not extend to Evita the position of president of their organization.
It has often been said that Evita had the government funding for the Sociedad cut off in retaliation. Its funding began with 10, pesos provided by Evita herself. Tax on lottery and movie tickets also helped to support the foundation, as did a levy on casinos and revenue from horse races.
Crassweller also notes that there were some cases of businesses being pressured to donate to the foundation, with negative repercussions resulting if requests for donations were not met.
It employed 14, workers, of whom 6, were construction workers and 26 were priests.Eva Perón, in full Eva Duarte de Perón, née María Eva Duarte, byname Evita, (born May 7, , Los Toldos, Argentina—died July 26, , Buenos Aires), second wife of Argentine president Juan Perón, who, during her husband’s first term as president (–52), became a powerful though unofficial political leader, revered by the lower.
María Eva Ibarguren was born in Los Toldos, Argentina, on May 7, The youngest of five born to Juana Ibarguren and her married employer, Eva was subject from a very young age to unjust discrimination simply because she was an illegitimate child.
Born María Eva Duarte on May 7, , in Los Toldos, Argentina, Eva Perón was a leading political figure in her native country as first lady and wife to President Juan Perón. She grew up poor.
Perón, Eva Duarte de (–52) Argentine dancer and politician, second wife of Juan Perón. Known as ‘Evita’, she administered Argentina 's social welfare agencies .
María Eva Duarte AKA Evita Perón Eva Duarte Eva Perón Full Name María Eva Duarte de Perón. Cite This Page; IN THESE GROUPS. Famous Government; Eva Peron - Mini Biography (TV; ). Organized for the recovery, historical investigation, and diffusion of the life and works of Maria Eva Duarte de Peron and her relevant contemporaries.