A comparison of unique approaches to personality in sigmund freud and carl jung

Below is his diagrammatic attempt to represent this integration and his discussion of the diagram. What you see here is "poor me" or "poor you"at the center of enormous forces.

A comparison of unique approaches to personality in sigmund freud and carl jung

However, for many people their spiritual senses are so dulled that they are generally unaware of them and their "spiritual mind," thus it has been relegated as the role of the unconscious. Historical overview Ancient roots The idea of an unconscious mind originated in antiquity [1] and has been explored across cultures.

It was recorded between and B.

Revisiting Carl Rogers Theory of Personality

The unconscious in philosophy Western philosophers, such as SpinozaLeibnizSchopenhauerand Nietzschedeveloped a western view of mind which foreshadowed those of Freud 's thought.

Schopenhauer was also influenced by his reading of the Vedas and the Jewish mysticism of the Kabbalah. Freud drew on his own Jewish roots to develop an interpersonal examination of the unconscious mind [14] [15] [16] as well as his own therapeutic roots in hypnosis into an apparently new therapeutic intervention and its associated rationale, known as psychoanalysis.

Articulating the idea of something not conscious or actively denied to awareness with the symbolic constructs of language has been a process of human thought and interpersonal influence for over a thousand years. Freud and his followers popularized unconscious motivation in a culture of the individual and within a philosophical tradition that emphasized the Subject, which posited a self viewed as both separate and sufficient.

The resultant status of the unconscious mind may be viewed as a social construction—that the unconscious exists because people agree to behave as if it exists. While these results represent research into the unconscious processes of the mind, a distinction has to be drawn between unconscious processes and the unconscious mind.

A comparison of unique approaches to personality in sigmund freud and carl jung

They are not identical. The results of neuroscience cannot demonstrate the existence of the unconscious mind. The unconscious mind and its expected psychoanalytic contents [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] are also different from unconsciousness, coma, and a minimally conscious state.

Psychoanalytic theory is, at best, a metanarrative on the way the mind functions, and not the result of scientific findings. It lies at the heart of psychoanalysis. Consciousness, in Freud's topographical view which was his first of several psychological models of the mind was a relatively thin perceptual aspect of the mind, whereas the subconscious was that merely autonomic function of the brain.

The unconscious was considered by Freud throughout the evolution of his psychoanalytic theory a sentient force of will influenced by human drive and yet operating well below the perceptual conscious mind.

For Freud, the unconscious is the storehouse of instinctual desires, needs, and psychic actions. While past thoughts and memories may be deleted from immediate consciousness, they direct the thoughts and feelings of the individual from the realm of the unconscious.

In this early view, the psychic struggle exists between the instinctual forces of the unconscious against the social demands of the conscious mind. In this theory, the unconscious refers to that part of mental functioning of which subjects make themselves unaware.

He believed that significant psychic events take place "below the surface" in the unconscious mind. He interpreted these dream events as both symbolic and actual significance.

In this later construct, the unconscious part of the mind was expanded to include not only the instinctual desire of the id, but also the superego which represents the legacy of parental conditioning.

In this model, the ego is mediator between id and superego. The meaning of the unconscious In Freud's earlier model, the unconscious does not include all that is not conscious, but rather only what is actively repressed from conscious thought or what the person is averse to knowing consciously.

That is, the part of the unconscious that is in conflict with conscious awareness. For Freud, the unconscious was a repository for socially unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires, traumatic memories, and painful emotions put out of mind by the mechanism of psychological repression.

However, the contents did not necessarily have to be solely negative. In the psychoanalytic view, the unconscious is a force that can only be recognized by its effects—it expresses itself in the symptom.

A comparison of sigmund freud and carl jung in personality

In a sense, this view places the self in relationship to their unconscious as an adversary, warring with itself to keep what is unconscious hidden. The therapist is then a mediator trying to allow the unspoken or unspeakable to reveal itself using the tools of psychoanalysis.

Messages arising from a conflict between conscious and unconscious are likely to be crypticin the form of slips of the tongue or symptoms that require decoding.

A comparison of unique approaches to personality in sigmund freud and carl jung

The psychoanalyst is presented as an expert in interpreting those messages. Unconscious thoughts are not directly accessible to ordinary introspectionbut are supposed to be capable of being "tapped" and "interpreted" by special methods and techniques such as random association, dream analysis, and verbal slips commonly known as a Freudian slipexamined and conducted during psychoanalysis.

This model was problematized by the structural theory, which viewed the superego as another element of the unconscious.Comparison of Theories on Personality Abstract This paper is a comparison of three different viewpoints on the subject of personality.

Carl Jung, B.F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers all had very different outlooks on what defined someone’s personality. Psychoanalytic theory is the theory of personality organization and the dynamics of personality development that guides psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology.

First laid out by Sigmund Freud in the late 19th century, psychoanalytic theory . (Nietzsche Quoted by Jung to Freud, ) To many, Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud defined the world of psychology.

Their theories, although differing, have had the greatest impact on our perception of the human mind, and their contributions to theory and practice have led to the development of successful psychological treatments for the wide spectrum of human distress.

Comparisons between Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung--two theorists we will be learning more about. Freud Quotes Try Quotes Love Quotes Psychology quotes Philosophy quotes Unique Quotes Comparison quotes Couple Quotes Carl jung (Austria)Sigmund Freud, father of the psychoanalysis.

Eastern Approaches to Psychotherapy by Ravneet Sehmbi on Prezi

Discover and share Sigmund Freud Quotes On Personality. Both Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung are famous psychoanalysists with unique approaches to personality. At one point they shared many of the same theories and had a deep friendship. In fact, Jung was to be heir to Freud's position as president of the International Psychoanalytic Association.

Freud and Jung: Early Psychoanalytic Theories Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung were two influential theorists in psychology (Nystul, M., ). Freud was considered the father of psychology and believed that human behavior was the result of unconscious conflict .

Sigmund Freud - Essays and papers