Therefore, the Ricardian equivalence says a government cannot stimulate consumer spending since people assume that whatever is gained now will be offset by higher taxes due in the future. These assumptions include such things as the existence of perfect capital markets and the ability for individuals to borrow and save whenever they want — scenarios which are not realistic. Additionally, there is the assumption that individuals are willing to save for a future tax increase, even though they may not see it in their lifetime. Real-World Proof of the Ricardian Equivalence It has been established that the Ricardian equivalence suggests a government has the same effect on consumer spending regardless of its debt levels or tax burdens.
For the purpose of taking the argument to the masses, what analogies can be made that they will connect with what do they stand to gain or lose?
It is extremely doubtful that Snowy 2 will ever see the light of day. Trying to explain a sleight of hand switcheroo is a bridge too far. It is designed to be that way. They will understand that, no problems.
Noneposted on March 15, at 3: Once the feds own the Snowy they own the water. Kiss all the frugging farmers down the river good bye and start learning Chinese.
Electricity was in short supply, mostly there was one light per room, and you switched it off when you left.
Those times were just before the massive infrastructure build of coal fired power stations in the Hunter Valley in the ss that ramped up living standards hugely to what they are today.
Now this power is being progressively turned off. Consider what we might return to. John Michelmore I think everyone is missing the point here, what is proposed here is a huge perpetual motion installation, Australia will be able to sell this technology overseas and recoup the expenditure and make a profit!
Diogenesposted on March 15, at You included the cost of power for pumping, but not Fixed Operation and Maintenance Costs. However a much larger cost is transmission.
If the power is to come from intermittent renewables, like wind and solar power stations, transmission lines have to be run to these widely dispersed generators. So long power lines with capacity 3 to 5 greater than their average load are required. The cost of these is an enormous additional cost that should be included for a fair assessment of the projects economic viability.
However, by far the largest efficiency loss is from friction losses in the water flow in the tunnels. The tunnels for Snowy Hydro 2 are exceptionally long for pumped hydro.
They are over 20 km, where most pumped hydro schemes have tunnels or pipes of less than a few km. Dribbling rednecks should expect those who govern us to be smart enough to see through bullshit like this and do the right thing. They follow the least resistance course for votes. I agree with you but sometimes word count matters.
Wil They need not one reservoir to pump the water to, but another of the same capacity to receive and hold. Have they thought of that? They are all madder than hatters. Natural Instinct Peter Langposted on March 15, at You are quite correct and right.
I had no idea they were pumping and drawing from so far. I thought is was like Wivenhoe just a couple of hundred metres pipe length, up and down the bank of the dam wall, so most head loss was static head with minimal friction loss. If they were serious they would build three supercritical power stations — black coal fired 4 x MW steam units.
And this was inwe are tenfold more stupid today.A steady-state economy is an economy made up of a constant stock of physical wealth (capital) and a constant population size.
In effect, such an economy does not grow in the course of time.
The term usually refers to the national economy of a particular country, but it is also applicable to the economic system of a city, a region, or the entire world. Anarchist economics is the set of theories and practices of economic activity within the political philosophy of r-bridal.com the exception of anarcho-capitalists who accept private ownership of the means of production, anarchists are anti-capitalists.
They argue that its characteristic institutions promote and reproduce various forms of economic activity which they consider oppressive. Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products.
Also since the dam is an existing one and it is using an existing generator house it is almost certainly reducing primary r-bridal.comng available water, and the dam is linked in to Eucumbene as I understand, it currently should be operating much of the time.
The Ricardian Model concludes therefore that international trade benefits all participants. Limitations of the Model.
The model is limited in several ways: 1. Having only 1 factor of production is way too simplistic a view of manufacturing.
2. In real world, almost no country produces only the goods in which they have a comparative advantage.
MVC is a framework for building web applications using a MVC (Model View Controller) design: The Model represents the application core (for instance a list of database records).
The View displays the data (the database records). The Controller handles the input (to the database records).