Active Voice or Passive Voice? What Is Active Voice? An author may write a sentence in one of two "voices"—active or passive. The active voice emphasizes the performer or agent of the action:
English verbs have two voices: In active voice, the person acting is clear: The sentence is still in passive voice if the actor is specified later in the sentence: Passive voice makes the writing unclear by keeping the identity of the actor secret.
At times the identity is obvious, but often it isn't. Even if the reader has an idea of who the actor is, passive voice creates weak sentences that don't communicate immediately and emphatically. This report is made up entirely of passive voice sentences: The pipeline was inspected and was found to have cracks at three joints.
The decision was made to replace the three joints and a contractor was engaged. After the work was completed, the leaks stopped. Change the passive voice sentences to active voice unless you have a good reason to use passive voice: The foreman inspected the pipeline and discovered cracks at three joints.
The plant maintenance manager decided to replace the three joints and had the contracting department engage a contractor. After the contractor completed the work, the leaks stopped.
Now the reader knows who discovered the cracks, who decided to replace them, who engaged the contractor, and who did the work. When issues come up about the pipeline and what happened, the reader won't have to be Sherlock Holmes to discover who was involved.
Two special cases for active voice Two ways of writing sentences are active, even though they may look like the text contains no actor: Sentences with "you understood. This is an example: Call the client about meeting on Thursday. The "you" isn't in that sentence, but we know it means "You call the client about the meeting on Thursday.
Sentences with one subject and two verbs joned by "and. Brian met with the managers and told them about the merger. The first part of the sentence is obviously active: It is as though the sentence were, "Brian met with the managers and Brian told them about the merger. This sentence is also in active voice because "you understood" applies to both the first action and second action: Call the client about the meeting on Thursday and ask whether the time will work for her.
The actor is "you understood. The managers were told about the merger by Brian.
That sentence is in passive voice. It is weak and not as clear as an active-voice sentence.Do scientific and medical journals, in their instructions for authors, advise them to write in the active voice?. Many journals indirectly do so by referring authors to a style manual that supports the active voice, or by publishing articles in which active-voice sentences are common and acceptable.
In treating either of these last two subjects, the writer would probably find it necessary to subdivide one or more of the topics here given. As a rule, single sentences should not be written or printed as paragraphs. Do scientific and medical journals, in their instructions for authors, advise them to write in the active voice?.
Many journals indirectly do so by referring authors to a style manual that supports the active voice, or by publishing articles in which active-voice sentences are common and acceptable.
Short sentences are gospel truths when it comes to clear, concise writing.
In fact, no lesson about writing for the web is complete without the statement “use short sentences.”. And who is not going to use short sentences when they were cherished by Papa?Nobody.
Because you . The meaning or main idea of sentence, either expressed as Active Voice or Passive Voice does not change. The structure of a same sentence changes for Active Voice and Passive Voice.
Active and Passive Voice Download Free PDF Worksheets. The worksheets explain the concept of active and passive voice, including suggestions for the appropriate use of the passive voice.