Often, they are "under the gun", stressed and very short for time. Consequently, when they encounter a new problem or decision they must make, they react with a decision that seemed to work before. It's easy with this approach to get stuck in a circle of solving the same problem over and over again. Therefore, it's often useful to get used to an organized approach to problem solving and decision making.
Analyze the key functional issues governing the project.
The functions of any facility or system are the controlling elements in the overall VE approach. This procedure forces the participants to think in terms of function, and the cost and impacts associated with that function. Define Owner's objectives and key criteria governing the project.
Determine Owner's definition of Value.
The VE Team thinks of as many ways as possible to provide the necessary function within the project areas at a lesser initial or Life-Cycle Cost which represent improved value to the client. Judgment of the ideas is prohibited.
The VE Team is looking for quantity and association of ideas, which will be screened in the next phase of the study. Many of the ideas brought forth in the creative phase are a result of work done in the function analysis. This list may include ideas that can be further evaluated and used in the design.
Analyses and judges the ideas resulting from the creative session. Ideas found to be impractical or not worthy of additional study are discarded. Those ideas that represent the greatest potential for cost savings and value improvement are developed further.
A weighted evaluation is applied in some cases to account for impacts other than costs such as schedule impacts, aesthetics, etc. Development Phase During the development phase of the VE study, many of the ideas are expanded into workable solutions.
The development consists of: Description of the recommended design change. Descriptive evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed recommendation.
Cost comparison and LCC calculations.
Each recommendation is presented with a brief narrative to compare the original design method to the proposed change. Sketches and design calculations, where appropriate, are also included in this part of the study. Presentation Phase The last phase of the VE Study is the presentation of the recommendations in the form of a written report.
The recommendations, the rationale that went into the development of each proposal, and a summary of key cost impacts are presented at that time so that a decision can be made as to which Value Management proposals will be accepted for implementation and incorporation into the design documents.
In addition to the monetary benefits, a VE Workshop provides a valuable opportunity for key project participants to come together, then step aside and view the project from a different perspective.
The VE process therefore produces the following benefits: Opportunity to explore all possible alternatives Forces project participants to address "value" and "function" Helps clarify project objectives Identifies and prioritizes Client's value objectives Implements accepted proposals into design Provides feedback on results of the study Construction During this phase value engineering is still possible through the use of Value Engineering Change Proposals VECP.
Contractors can be provided monetary incentives to propose solutions that offer enhanced value to the owner, and share in the financial benefits realized. Clearly the owner must consider contractor-generated proposals very carefully, from a life-cycle perspective and a liability perspective.
The evaluation of a VECP is treated similarly to any change order during construction, with issues such as schedule and productivity impacts being considered along with the perceived cost savings generated.The professional should proactively look for opportunities to apply risk and quality management skills to resolve system weaknesses and should strive to become the "go to" person for enhancing quality of care, ensuring patient safety, and minimizing losses to the organization.
With a vision and documentation of the current processes and improvement opportunities; Value Stream Mapping, Standard Work, Work Flow Analysis, Flexible systems and the other tools of Lean are used to design and engineer an efficient future state laboratory.
A prototype can serve as an initial model that is used as a benchmark to evaluate the completed r-bridal.coms Analysis and Design. objectoriented (O-O) analysis combines data and the processes that act on the data into things called objects/5(3).
Business opportunities offer tools or training to help you start your own business, but usually at a lower cost and with fewer restrictions than a franchise. Macroergonomics is the design of work systems which focuses on organization-system interaction. Design in general, and work system design in particular, is influenced by theory.
Therefore, work system design has been influenced by the prevailing organizational theoretical perspectives. Importance of Interview and Survey Questions in Systems Analysis Jeremy Brugger IS Analysis Dr. Sauter easier and the quality of that work much better.
Your time and the time of your customer Modern systems analysis and design. 6th ed. Upper Saddle River, .