Statistics Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide refer to deliberate action taken with the intention of ending a life, in order to relieve persistent suffering. In most countries, euthanasia is against the law and it may carry a jail sentence.
Please be patient while it loads! The zip-file will automatically uncompress and you can view it offline on your browser. A selected bibliography from mainstream journals with sample quotations This page will provide you with source references that you can cut and paste.
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Journal of American Geriatrics Society, May43 5: When a physician provides either equipment or medication, or informs the patient of the most efficacious use of already available means, for the sole purpose of assisting the patient to end his or her own life.
When, at the request of the patient, a physician administers a medication or treatment, the sole intent of which is to end The contemporary issue of euthanasia patient's life.
Canadian Medical Association Journal9: Treatment of incompetent elderly patients with life-threatening illness varies widely within and between countries. Uniform standards should be developed on the basis of societal values and be communicated to physicians.
Family physicians were more likely than specialists to choose more conservative therapy. This was true even when the wishes were expressed in an explicit written directive. Journal of American Medical Association, August 9,6: Many members of the public assume that taking a lethal dose of medication is certain to lead to a peaceful death.
Physicians need to help patients appreciate that the attempt may fail, that complications such as aspiration pneumonia may occur, and that reflex actions may lead patients to struggle against plastic bags placed over their heads.
Patients and their families should also be cautioned about telephoning if the suicide attempt fails. New England Journal of Medicine ; The document is a will in the sense that it spells out the person's directions.
It is "living" because it takes effect before death. Some Massachusetts attorneys, for example, have already drafted a page, single-spaced proxy form that is all but unintelligible to non-lawyers.
This is a serious error for at least two reasons. When Procedures Limit Rights: From Quinlan to Conroy. Hastings Center Report Apr: A proposed advance directive format for South Australia.
Australian Health Law Bulletin ; 2 7: Patient requests and Physician Responses. Journal of the American Medical Association Physicians do not consult each other often about these cases. Drafting Wills in Scotland. It might be argued that the physician's duty of mercy derives from a special contractual or fiduciary relationship with the patient, but I think this is an error: It is true that the Oath, in its original form, does contain an explicit injunction that the physician shall not give a lethal potion to a patient who requests it, nor make a suggestion to that effect.
To do so was apparently common Greek medical practice at the time. But the Oath in its original form also contains explicit prohibitions of the physicians accepting fees for teaching medicine, and of performing surgery - even on gall stones.
These latter prohibitions are not retained in modern reformulations of the Oath, and I see no reason why the provision against giving lethal potions to patients who request it should be. What is central to the Oath and cannot be deleted without altering its essential character is the requirement that the physician shall come "for the benefit of the sick".
Under the argument advanced here, physician's assistance in patient suicide may indeed be for the benefit of the patient. What the Oath would continue to prohibit is physician assistance in the suicide for the physician's own gain or to serve other institutional or societal ends.
To do so is to deprive the patient of the possibility of retaining his or her status as a moral agent, and to make him or her a "patient" in not only a medical but a moral sense as well.
Among the indignities that medicine is capable of inflicting, this may be among the most profound.Passive euthanasia. Although it is an offence to actively end a patient's life, many doctors still assist their patients with their wishes by withholding treatment and reducing pain, "according to a article in the Guardian".
This, however, is only done when the doctors feel that "’death is a few days away and after consulting patients, relatives or other doctors".
Return to the Teacher’s Guide. Nazi Fascism and the Modern Totalitarian State. Synopsis.
The government of Nazi Germany was a fascist, totalitarian state. Totalitarian regimes, in contrast to a dictatorship, establish complete political, social, and cultural control over their subjects, and are usually headed by a charismatic leader. In the modern societies euthanasia is defined as taking away people’s lives who suffer from an incurable disease.
They usually go through this process by painlessness ways to avoid the greatest pains that occurs from the disease. - Moral and Ethical Issues of Euthanasia As we all know, medical treatment can help save lives.
But is there a. Euthanasia opponents say that economics is behind the drive to legalise assisted suicide. Many patients with medical and surgical problems are no longer put on waiting lists because of funding issues and New Zealand is facing an expected increase in younger patients with .
As of , euthanasia is the most active area of research in contemporary bioethics. In some countries there is a divisive public controversy over the moral, ethical, and legal issues of euthanasia. Passive euthanasia (known as "pulling the plug") is legal under some circumstances in many countries.
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