British debate on economic policy is getting nowhere.
As age increases, older drivers generally become more conservative on the road. Many mature drivers modify their driving habits for instance to avoid busy highways or night-time driving to match their declining capabilities. However, statistics show that older drivers are more likely than younger ones to be involved in multi-vehicle crashes, particularly at intersections.
Ads Research on age-related driving concerns has shown that at around the age of 65 drivers face an increased risk of being involved in a vehicle crash. After the age of 75, the risk of driver fatality increases sharply, because older drivers are more vulnerable to both crash-related injury and death.
Three behavioral factors in particular may contribute to these statistics: Concern about the increased number of older drivers and their potentially decreased driving abilities is growing, especially among younger drivers.
Statistics, based on all people injured or killed in traffic crashes, indicate that older drivers are at a disproportionate risk for becoming involved in fatal crashes. Inmore than 24 million people in the United States were over 70 years of age.
Representing 9 percent of the population inthe and-older age group grew 2. In older drivers were 7 percent of licensed drivers; in they were 19 percent of licensed drivers. Of traffic fatalities involving older drivers, 82 percent happened in the daytime, 71 percent occurred on weekdays, and 75 percent involved a second vehicle.
When a crash involved an older driver and a younger driver, the older driver was 3 times as likely as the younger driver to be the one struck.
Moreover, 28 percent of crash-involved older drivers were turning left when they were struck-- 7 times more often than younger drivers were struck while making left turns. Older drivers involved in fatal crashes and fatally injured older pedestrians claimed the lowest proportion of intoxication--defined as a blood alcohol concentration of 0.
While only 55 percent of adult vehicle occupants ages 18 to 69 involved in fatal crashes were using restraints at the time of the crash, 70 percent of fatal- crash-involved older occupants were using restraints. Drivers over 65, along with new teen-age drivers, have the highest accident rates per miles driven.
Another NHTSA study found that on the basis of estimated annual travel, the fatality rate for drivers 85 and over is nine times as high as the rate for drivers 25 through 69 years old. Lawrence Nitz, a political scientist from the University of Hawaii, conducted a three-year study of Hawaiian traffic records and found that drivers over 75 were far more likely than other motorists to be cited for certain offenses, including failing to yield to pedestrians, backing up unsafely and failing to stop at a flashing red light.
What is being done to address the problem? Mandatory driving tests - California, which requires retesting for anyone involved in a fatal crash or three or more crashes in one year, requires drivers over 70 to retest if they are involved in two or more crashes in one year.
The lobbyists argue that if seniors are forced to take mandatory roadtests in the absence of an incident, other age groups should be required to take them as well.
Some physicians, however, are reluctant to jeopardize their relationship with a patient by making such a referral. Most other states do not require physicians to report psycho-motor, visual, and cognitive deficiencies that may affect driving to licensing agencies.
What else can be done? Deficit screening - Screening could be given to all drivers for whom age-related decline is suspected and whose performance is viewed as a safety concern for themselves and other motorists. In addition, health professionals and others who work with older populations could administer the tests.
Screening could become a part of the regular process of license renewal. By reducing testing time, drivers could be quickly screened and identified either as capable, or as in need of further testing.
Crash statistics - DMV Department of Motor Vehicles and insurance company records can help identify high-risk older drivers.
In addition to crash counts, the details of the crash roadway condition, time of day, location, fault are important.
Some crash patterns e. Given that many older drivers involved in crashes have never had a crash before and may not have another one during the following year, crash records will identify only a few high-risk older drivers.
However, crash statistics may be an important part of a comprehensive program to identify high-risk older drivers. What can you do?Over the years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of vehicles on the road. This has reduced the quality of air in major cities. Vehicular pollution also leads to several health problems.
Obviously, this is a major problem that needs to be solved. But my gut feeling is, there’s just so many problems with this car– with these cars coming out in terms of the responsibility, for instance, if it gets hit.
The amount of pedestrians– I mean, driving in San Francisco with just the number pedestrians, I just cannot see.
Risk is the potential of gaining or losing something of value. Values (such as physical health, social status, emotional well-being, or financial wealth) can be gained or lost when taking risk resulting from a given action or inaction, foreseen or unforeseen (planned or not planned).Risk can also be defined as the intentional interaction with uncertainty.
There will be operational problems in this pilot city and they’ll be fixed. Another cars will be added. Our roads, bridges, train stations, and airports are decrepit, as noted by. Having said that, there still a lot of unhappy customers out there who’re still flooding any channel that talks good about VW (the most recent being from Carlist HERE).Some claims that despite changing to mineral transmission oil, the mechatronic still fails.
Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions. Recommended Books: ABC's of Model Railroading-Donnette Dolzall (Editor), Donette Dolzall; Paperback; Tips for Building Model Railroad Structures (Model Railroad Handbook, No. 34)-Dave Frary; Paperback This is the r-bridal.comad list of Frequently Asked Questions .